Free Webinar Link: Get Your Deductions

Check out Andrew Schwartz’s webinar “Get Your Deductions: Moonlighting and Deducting Professional Expenses Made Easy”

Are you unsure what expenses you can deduct from your moonlighting income? Not sure what to track all year for professional expenses?

Do you want to make sure you receive the maximum deduction allowed for work-related expenses?

If so, this webinar is for you!

Learn what the most common expenses allowable for healthcare professionals are and how to track them to make tax time easy!


By Michael Bohigian, EA

In part 1 of this series, we looked at the income side of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012.? We’ll wrap up with Deductions and some tax-savings tips.

What?s Being Deducted From Your Deductions

Please, No Pease!

At first blush, you may be inclined to utter this lament when learning about the reduction of your itemized deductions due to the Pease Limitation. Fear not: This provision should leave many popular deductions intact for most taxpayers, including deductions for mortgage interest and charitable giving.

Here?s how it works: For a married couple, the Pease Limitation phases out itemized deductions by 3% of the amount that their adjusted gross income is over $300,000 [for individuals, the threshold is $250,000]. A married couple with an AGI of 800,000, for example, loses the right to deduct the first $15,000 of their itemized deductions. Since most of you already deduct more than this amount in state income taxes paid when you itemize, you effectively will still be able to deduct your mortgage interest and charitable giving. Take note that no matter how high your income, your itemized deductions cannot be phased out by more than 80%.

Personal Exemptions Phased Out

Similar to the phase out of itemized deductions, personal exemptions will be phased out at the rate of 2% for each $2,500 above $300,000 in income for married couples and $250,000 in income for individuals, causing high-income taxpayers to lose out on the tax break for themselves, their spouse, and their children and other dependents.

Other Considerations

AMT Permanently ?Patched?

You no longer have to worry from year to year whether the government will patch the dreaded AMT. The Act permanently indexes the AMT to inflation, saving millions of people earning somewhere between $150,000 and $750,000 from paying this tax, and reducing the AMT for most other individuals who will end up paying this tax.

Payroll Tax Cuts Expired

The Act restores the pre-2011 Social Security tax rate of 6.2% on all non-government employees, after two years at a reduced rate of 4.2%. Physicians earning more than $113,700 should expect to pay an additional $2,274 in social security taxes in 2013 than in each of the previous two years.

Section 179 Deduction Limit Maintained at Half A Million

For those of you who are practice owners, you will be able to write off up to $500,000 in equipment and machinery purchases under Section 179 in 2013, and this amount is retroactive for 2012 as well. Prior to the legislation, the available Section 179 would have been drastically reduced to a paltry $25,000 in 2013. Under Section 179 of the IRS Tax Code, a taxpayer can elect to write-off the cost of equipment purchased and placed into business use during the year instead of ?depreciating? those assets over their useful life of 5 or 7 years, allowing for a much larger upfront tax deduction.

Tax-Savings Tips

With the top marginal tax rate as high as it?s been in several years, and the new Medicare tax on investment income kicking in on January 1st, what can you do to minimize your tax burden?

Invest in retirement

Always a good idea, socking away money in retirement accounts is even more valuable now when it means saving 39.6% in federal income taxes and allowing your investment to grow tax-deferred. You should also consider rebalancing your portfolio, putting less tax-efficient investments in your tax-advantaged accounts while keeping index funds, ETFs, non-dividend paying stocks, and tax-exempt bonds and bond funds in your taxable accounts.

Contribute to a 529 plan

With investment income taxes higher in 2013, take the opportunity to invest in a 529 plan to begin planning for your child?s college education. All earnings in a 529 plan are tax-free, provided that the funds are used to pay for college. And many states even allow you to deduct a 529 contribution on your state tax return. The annual maximum contribution into these tax-advantaged college savings plans is $14,000 per child per year for Gift Tax purposes (or $28,000 for spouses splitting gifts), however, you can frontload five year?s worth of contributions all in one year. Don?t forget to file a Gift Tax Return if you contribute more than $14k ($28k if married) into 529 accounts in one calendar year on behalf of a child.

Purchase needed equipment and machinery for your practice

With the fate of the Section 179 deduction up in the air past 2013, it might be in your best interest to buy big-ticket equipment and machinery during the year to take advantage of the immediate deduction.

Employ your spouse and children

If there?s extra work to be done at your practice, putting your children and spouse on your payroll can be a great way to shift income to a lower tax bracket (in your child?s case) and enable your spouse to put away the maximum ($17,500 for 2013) pre-tax into a 401k retirement fund. Moreover, your child can fund a Roth IRA with the money they earn, up to a maximum of $5,500 in 2013.

Establish a Health Savings Account

If you have a qualified high-deductible health insurance plan, take advantage of the opportunity to pair it with a Health Savings Account (HSA). Contributions to an HSA are tax-deductible, grow tax-deferred, and allow tax-free distributions to cover your family?s health care costs. Plus, any money remaining in the HSA is available penalty-free to supplement your retirement once you reach age 65. The maximum contribution into an HSA for 2013 is $6,450 for married couples and $3,250 for single individuals.

The Big Picture

By and large, the American Taxpayer Relief Act maintained the status quo for most lower and middle-income Americans by extending many provisions into 2013 and making permanent many others. Those of you at the upper end of the income spectrum, however, may not feel as lucky. If that?s the case, perhaps you can take solace in the fact the Act did shunt some of the drastic tax increases set to take place. If there?s little comfort in that, remember that things could be much worse: The top marginal rate, a little more than 30 years ago, was at 70% after all.

Michael Bohigian, EA, is a staff accountant at Schwartz & Schwartz PC with a MS in Accounting and an MBA from Boston College.


By Michael Bohigian, EA

The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 rescued the vast majority of Americans from the tax edge of the ?fiscal cliff? and the steep tax increases scheduled to kick in as the Bush tax cuts expired at the end of 2012. This legislation, however, did not entirely spare high-income earners. Here are the key provisions of the Act passed on the first day of 2013, how they may affect you, and strategies you can implement to minimize your tax burden under these new rules:

On The Income Side:

Top Marginal Rate Increases to 39.6%

Beginning on January 1, 2013, the Act raises the top federal marginal income tax rates from the 35% max in place since the Bush tax cuts to 39.6% for taxable income above the following thresholds: $400,000 for Single filers; $425,000 for Heads of Household; $450,000 for Married Filing Jointly and qualifying surviving spouses; and $225,000 for those Married Filing Separately. Translating this provision into real numbers, a married couple with $600k of taxable income will now pay just under $7,000 in additional federal income taxes in 2013 than they did in 2012, while an individual earning at the same income level will pay just over $9,000 more in federal income taxes.

Increase in Federal Income Taxes For 2013 Due To The 39.6% Tax Rate

Taxable income Single Head of Household Married Filing Joint Married Filing ? Separate
$600,000 $9,200 $8,050 $6,900 $17,250
$800,000 $18,400 $17,250 $16,100 $26,450
$1,000,000 $27,600 $26,450 $25,300 $35,650

New Investment Tax Rates

Starting in 2013, the top tax rate for dividends and capital gains is permanently set at 20%, a whopping one-third increase from the top rate of 15% in place since 2003, starting at the same income levels as the 39.6% tax rates. The tax rate for dividends was set to revert to one?s marginal tax rate per the pre-2003 Bush rules, so the Act provides some relief to high-wage earners with substantial corporate dividend income.

Keep in mind that the Affordable Care Act enacted an additional Medicare tax of 3.8% on unearned income for married couples with adjusted gross income (AGI) over $250,000 and individuals with AGI over $200,000, effective January 1, 2013. Unearned income includes interest, dividends, capital gains, annuities, royalties, and rents.

Tax Rates for Capital Gains and Qualified Dividends ? 2012 vs 2013

Single Married Filing Jointly Capital Gains and ? Qualified Dividends -2012 rates Capital Gains and ? Qualified Dividends -2013 rates Increase in Tax Rates ? on Investments 2012 vs 2013
$0 – $36,250 $0 – $72,500 0% 0% 0%
$36,250 – AGI of ? $200,000 $72,500 – AGI of ? $250,000 15% 15% 0%
$200,000 – taxable ? income of $400,000 $250,000 – taxable ? income of $450,000 15% 18.8% 3.8%
$400,000+ $450,000+ 15% 23.8% 8.8%

If you?re concerned about paying higher taxes on the sale of your personal residence, please note that the first $500,000 of gain on your home for a married couple and $250,000 of gain for unmarried individuals is exempt from all taxes, including this 3.8% Medicare surtax, when your home qualifies for the residence gain exclusion. To qualify, you need to own your home and use it as your primary residence for two out of the five years prior to the date the home is sold.

Stay tuned for Part 2 – What’s Being Deducted from your Deductions

Michael Bohigian, EA, is a staff accountant atSchwartz & Schwartz PC with a MS in Accounting and an MBA from Boston College.



In a shocking development, the IRS recently announced that they will be honoring the FICA tax refunds submitted by residency programs and individual doctors.? The catch is that only FICA taxes paid prior to 4/1/05 qualify.

For more information, go to our MDTAXES’?April 2010 Newsletter, our January 2009 Newsletter, or our February 2001 Newsletter or read through the?IRS’ Chief Counsel Advice Memorandum on this issue.